How to Calculate Pip Value of Cross-Currencies in Forex

In the dynamic world of Forex trading, understanding the value of a single pip helps traders manage risk effectively. This article delves into the intricacies of calculating pip values for cross-currency pairs—an essential skill for both novice and seasoned traders. Incorporating case studies and reliable data, this piece aims to enhance its credibility and authority, offering an analytical lens through which traders can evaluate top Forex trading platforms.

The Basics of Pip Value

Before diving into cross-currencies, it is crucial to grasp what a "pip" is. A pip represents the smallest price move that a currency pair can make. For most pairs, it is equivalent to 0.0001 of the current exchange rate. The calculation of pip value is fundamental for risk management and strategy planning in Forex trading.

1. Understanding Cross-Currency Pairs

Unlike major currency pairs that involve the US dollar, cross-currency pairs (or crosses) do not. Common crosses include EUR/GBP, EUR/JPY, and GBP/JPY. These pairs can exhibit different volatility and liquidity characteristics compared to major pairs, which influences their pip value.

2. Calculating Pip Value for Crosses

The pip value of cross-currency pairs is calculated differently due to the absence of USD as a direct quote. The formula involves the current exchange rate of the cross-pair and the counter currency’s conversion rate against the USD. Here’s a simple step-by-step guide:

  • Identify the pair and its exchange rate: For example, if EUR/GBP is trading at 0.8550.

  • Determine the lot size: Standard, mini, or micro.

  • Use the formula: Pip value = (pip in decimal places × trade size) / market price Example for a standard lot of EUR/GBP:

    • Pip value = (0.0001 × 100,000) / 0.8550 ≈ 11.70 GBP

This calculation changes based on the counter currency’s strength against the USD and must be updated with market fluctuations.

Industry Trends and Data

Recent trends show an increase in trading volumes for cross-currency pairs due to their potential for profit beyond the major pairs. According to a 2023 forex report, EUR/JPY and GBP/JPY are among the top traded crosses, each having distinct volatility patterns that appeal to different trading strategies.

Enhancing User Experience on Forex Platforms

The best Forex platforms offer tools that automate the calculation of pip values, along with other risk management features. User reviews from platforms like Forex Factory suggest that traders value intuitive tools that facilitate quick and accurate calculations, underscoring the importance of technological integration in trading platforms.


Calculating the pip value for cross-currency pairs is crucial for Forex traders aiming to leverage global economic opportunities without the direct involvement of the US dollar. Understanding this calculation can significantly impact a trader's ability to manage risk and strategize effectively. Forex platforms that incorporate user-friendly tools to perform such calculations attract a broader user base, contributing to a more robust trading experience.

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